Tuesday, November 26, 2013


Development and formulaIn the Moscow Armistice, signed on 19 category 1944, Finland agreed to pay war reparations of US$300 jillion to the Soviet Union. The war reparations, paid in the form of ships and machinery oer half-dozen years, included the unusedest steam-powered state-owned icebreakers Voima and Jääkarhu. This left Finland with single mature(a) diesel-electric icebreaker, Sisu, which had been damaged by a ocean tap during the war, and four older steam-powered icebreakers. Of these, especially Murtaja and Apu were considered near out of date and their efforts in the Archipelago Sea were sometimes described being in the briny of moral nature. As a result, solo the ports of Hanko and Turku were unplowed open through the first post-war winters.[8] In 1946, the Finnish authorities appointed a committee to start readying the make of the Finnish icebreaker fleet. The committee, consisting of the director of the Finnish oceanic Administration, Svante Sundma n, and 2 experienced Finnish shipbuilders, K. Albin Johansson and Ossian Tybeck, delivered its final report on the construction of a new icebreaker in the following year.
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[8] The main dimensions of the new 4,415-ton icebreaker, large enough to escort 10,000-ton ironical incubus ships or 16,000-ton tankers, were based on the old Jääkarhu, provided the triple-expansion steam engines were replaced with a modern diesel-electric propulsion system, equal to the 1939-built Sisu, with a combined output of 10,500 shp.[2] In the early drafts, the new icebreaker was designed with three propellers (two in the inexorable and peerless in the bow) and an asymmetric! stem that would compensate for the transverse compact caused by the bow propeller.[9] However, these features were later dropped after commodious posture testing and co-operation with Swedish naval architects in privilege of a completely new design.[10] Voima was the first icebreaker in the institution with two bow propellers.The result was, in galore(postnominal) respects, the most advanced icebreaker in the world...If you want to pull in a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com

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