Wednesday, March 13, 2019
Anti Mining Essay
I. Exordium (opening)Where you stand on this issue is deter exploitd by the question do you love this country? If you do, youll fight for it.. Mining is a search-and-destroy mission.II. SalutationMember of the control board of Judges, my magna cum laude opponents, ladies and gentlemen, Good afternoon.III. Definitionharmonize to Meriam-Websters Dictionary, minelaying is the excavation of materials from the Earths crust, including those of organic origin, much(prenominal) as coal and petroleum. Modern exploit is costly and complicated. First, a mineral vein that send packing likely produce enough of the desired vegetable marrow to justify the cost of extraction must be located. Then the size of it of the vein or deposit is determined, and exploit engineers decide the best focal point to mine it. Most of the worlds yearly mineral yield is extracted by surface digging, which includes open-pit excavation, strip mining, and quarrying. For ore bodies that lie a considerable outg o below the surface, underground mining must be considered. In both techniques, excavating and extracting mineral substances involve costly combinations of drilling, blasting, hoisting, and hauling, as well as measures for health and safety and reduction of environmental impact.IV. Team SplitI shall cover the Necessity aspect piece my team mate, 2nd speaker shall hold forth the Beneficiality and the 3rd speaker shall discuss the Practicability aspect of the proposition.V. Argument IVI. Argument IIVII. Argument IIIVIII. Closing/ConclusionHaribon earthing features women in the book STORIES from the MINES of struggle, sisterhood and solidarity released by Alyansa Tigil Mina (ATM) these argon the women who prevent to campaign for kind-hearted dignity, biodiversity conservation and sustainable communities.Natividad Nagutom or Naty, 61, is a occupier of Barangay Magapua, Mogpog in Marinduque. She is married to Julio Nagutom and a m opposite of eighter from Decatur children. She is a manage of Marinduque Council for Environmental Concern (MACEC) for over 13 years. Now, she is the chairman of MACEC chapter in their barangay. Her involvement in MACEC had developed her to become a tough advocate of humanity rights and a safe and peaceful club. Like most members of MACEC, Naty has her own shargon of struggles with the impact of mining in their town. In 1993, the Maguila-guila Siltation Dam of Marcopper Mining breadbasket collapsed and ca expendd a flash gormandise that gushed to the Mogpog River. The heavy surge of water and mine spill had shaken their ho theatrical role and almost drowned them to death. Naty and her husband tied themselves with their eight children, so that they bay window support each separate and avoid drowning.That traumatic experience drove her to be involved in the campaign against mining in their community and the entire responsibility. She actively participated in many seminars, trainings, and mobilizations in and out of the pro vince which are usually sponsored by MACEC. With support from MACEC and former(a) organization, she took the lead in filing the case against Marcopper Mining Corporation.In 2005, she attend a Mining Conference in Baguio City organized by Legal Rights and Natural Resources Center. In the conference, she shared her experience during the 1993 flash flood and her contri butions to the anti-mining actions. The participants felt her struggle almost all of them cried after realizing that they were not only in the fight for justice. That experience made her an even stronger advocate.Her integrity was challenged by the attempts of mining company to buy off her stand and discontinue. But she never thought of withdrawing the case even though sometimes it frustrates her to think that it is lamentable slow.But they cherish victories and milestones in their campaignthe 50-year mining moratorium in the province is one. To Naty, mining is a destructive industry that pillow slips people to live in fear and ex receives them to so much threat. For her, mining has no place at a time in Mogpog and in the entire province of Marinduque. THE IMPACTS OF MINING IN THE PHILIPPINESThe business of the issue is the negative environmental and health impact of mining. Statement of Catholic Bishops of the Philippines, 1998. Mining poses tremendous risks to life and limb, not only to miners but to the community as well. Countless accidents puddle happened and redeem touch thousands of miners in our country, at familiarize or indirectly caused by hazardous mining operations. There is a genuinely senior high school social cost of mining and the impact on the society is immeasurable.Occupational health hazards posed by mining to workers are exposure to terrible heat, poor ventilation, vibration, dust, fumes, repetitive stress injury (RSI), intense noise, manual handling (e.g. lifting) of heavy machinery and biological and chemical hazards.Due to the nature of underground mining, mi ners are constantly exposed to intense heat while hydration is very limited. Miners usually have fluid and salt deficiency imputable to constant sweating, increased stress on the heart, heat stroke, opacity of the lense and reduced fertility due to high heat. Poor ventilation robs the form of needed atomic number 8 causing the brain to malfunction and leads to many deaths curiously in underground operations.Vibration on the separate hand dirty dog cause permanent suffering to bones and vibration syndrome or defunct finger syndrome can lead to gangrene in the hands and fingers. It can also cause digestive problems due to constant shaking of the familiar organs, heart problems and disruption of the nervous corpse.Mines exposes workers to different types of airborne particulates, making them unguarded to systemic toxic effects due to the absorption of lead, manganese, cadmium, zinc and other toxic material.Fumes are emitted by chemicals being used or by the machines being emp loyed during mining operations. Coupled with poor ventilation, this can trigger accidents and cause death to workers. RSI being a soft-tissue disorder is caused by overloading of particular muscle group from repetitive use or charge of constrained postures. Miners who suffer from RSI complain of weakness of the affected muscles, heaviness, pins and needles sensation and numbness. dissension or irritating and hazardous sound can cause audience impairment and/or disrupt body functions like blood circulation and hormone imbalance. Deafness and hearing loss can become irreversible and other non-auditory effects are increased blood pressure and peptic ulcer due to increased gastrointestinal motility.Manual lifting of materials causes back troubles leading to piercing pain. A large percentage of the workers suffer sooner or subsequent from this disorder caused by their type of work. Because most mines in the Philippines extract gold, the use of sodium cyanide for leaching gold from f inely ground ore is frequent. The use of liquid mercury to create gold-amalgam is also wide-spread. Cyanide blocks the transfer of oxygen from the blood to the body tissues. Signs of acute poisoning include rapid breathing, gasping, tremors, convulsions and death. effectuate of sub lethal poisoning include headache, dizziness and thyroid enlargement.A Fact-Finding Team composed of human rights and environmental experts from the United state which looked into the impact of mining on the environment and peoples livelihoods in the Philippines highlighted the occurrence of mining-related human rights abuses affecting local communities in particular indigenous people extrajudicial killings of persons protesting against mining corruption in the mining sector political pressure on the judiciary resulting in pro-mining decisions and environmental impacts.The team observed that the record of mining companies with regard to environmental protection, disasters and post-mining abstemious-up in the Philippines is widely acknowledged, even with the presidency, to be very poor. As of 2003, there had been at least 16 serious shadowing dam failures in the preceding 20 years and about 800 tatterdemalion mine sites have not been cleaned up. Clean-up costs are estimated in billions of dollars and damage will never be fully reversed.It warned that water contamination from mining poses one of the top three ecological security threats in the world. legion(predicate) mining applications in the Philippines are in water catchment areas close to the sea, and pose major threat to valuable marine resources. The severe pollution of the Taft river system in Eastern Samar as a result of the mining activities in Bagacay is a vivid example.The report also emphasized the very high geo-hazard risks in the Philippines. In the Philippines, over half of the active mining concessions and two-thirds of wildcat concessions are located in areas of high seismic risk where earthquakes are likel y.The Philippines is considered as the hottest hotspot in the world in damage of threats to its mega different biodiversity. Thus there is an urgent need to properly manage its inborn resources. It is estimated that 37% of Philippine forests may be exposed to new mining.We have to be touch on with the past experiences where human rights were disregarded in hobby of the mining operations. Likewise, our country is facing with the diminishing and restricted natural resources. Our government may be in need of revenue, but sacrificing the environmental management, such(prenominal) as the agricultural land, water and forests, which are more essential, sustainable and economically practicable.The exploration, development and utilization of mineral resources contend with the present day realities of orbiculate warming, pollution, and food shortages. One thing to consider is the dangers posed by earthquakes, typhoons and volcanic eruptions. Protecting the environment is avoiding risk and disaster hence the acts of provincial jury members are laudable.The bill in recounting banning all mining exploration and operation in Carigara Bay shows how Leyte 2nd district translator (Rep.) Sergio Apostol, principal authored, with Leyte 3rd district Rep. Andres Salvacion and Biliran lone district Rep. Rogelio Espina, co-authors, seriously are concerned with the lives of the people and to protect the environment.Sangguniang Panla uprightnessigan action on mining ventures in the province show they are not sleeping on their jobs. Their concern on the effect of mining is a great service to humanity, especially for Leyteos. A negative impact on the environment, not only during its operations, but will continue even after long years of its cessation. Thus, the brisk action of the government either from the home(a) or local politics imposing regulations to moderate the negative effect of mining in a locality is necessary.Our country has extremely poor mining reputation comp ared from other parts of the world. Abandoned mines and even those still operating have affected the livelihoods of thousands of lesser fortunate Filipinos. Mining has a negative effect for Filipino source of livelihood.In the case of the farmers in MacArthur wherein Leyte 2nd district Board Member Anlie Apostol is alarmed, because the Nicua Mining Corporations mining award may be against the spirit of the Agrarian crystallize Law. Some 40 hectares were bought with cream for the farmers to buy back the land may have violated the purvey that the farmer-beneficiary could not sell the land within 25 years.Unless the land is no longer productive and approved by the Department of Agrarian Reform in accordance with the rules in conversion or exemption. At present we have some 800 abandoned mines in the country that have caused massive environmental damage. Some of which have records of human rights abuses. Abandoned mines have left hand the affected residents to undergo economic diff iculties. How long will Nicua operates the mining?It is worthy to note that some mining companies have failed to comply with national law and international standards, according to Clare Short, a member of parliament from Birmingham, United Kingdom. As the stand taken by the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) when they publicly contrasted the 1995 Mining Act.Leyte 1st district Board Member Roque Tiu is correct in his contention that the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB), and the Provincial authorities of Leyte are not in contradiction over the Mining Act and the Local Government polity (LGC). It is true that licenses for mining operation is issued by the national government, however, the LGC providesSection 27. prior Consultations Required. No project or program shall be implemented by government authorities unless the consultations mentioned in Section 2 (c) and 26 hereof are complied with, and prior approval of the Sanggunian concerned is obtained. Provide d that occupants in areas where such projects are to be implemented shall not be evicted unless appropriate relocation sites have been provided, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.Section 26. Duty of National Government Agencies in the Maintenance of /Ecological Balance.- It shall be the duty of every national agency or government-owned or controlled corporation authorizing of involved in the grooming and implementation of any project or program that may cause pollution, climatic change, depletion of non-renewable resources, loss of cropland, rangeland, or forest cover, and extinction of animal or plant species, to consult with the local government units, nongovernmental organizations, and other sectors concerned and explain the goals and objectives of the project or program, its impact upon the people and the community in terms of environmental or ecological balance, and the measures that will be undertaken to prevent or minimize the adverse effects thereof.In one of the rulings of the Supreme Court, it states Congress introduced Sections 26 and 27 in the Local Government Code to emphasize the legislative concern for the maintenance of a sound ecology and clean environment. These provisions require every national government agency or government-owned and controlled corporation to hold prior consultations with the local government unit concerned and to secure the prior approval of its sanggunian before implementing any project or program that may cause pollution, climatic change, depletion of non-renewable resources, loss of cropland, rangeland, or forest cover and extinction of animal or plant species.